Šiauliai is the fourth-largest city situated in the Northern part of Lithuania and is one of the biggest culture centers in the country. First it was mentioned in 1239 because of the Saule Battle which took place a short way off. The Lithuanian Army defeated the Livonian Order in it. The city was found at the junction of the railway and highroad and that ensured not only rapid development but dramatic destiny as well. It was severe destroyed during the World War I and World War II. Good geographical position and the roads decided rebuilding and rapid development of the city. St. Peter and Paul’s Cathedral is the most beautiful monument of Renaissance in Lithuania and can be seen at a distance. There is the Hill of Crosses near Šiauliai which attracts visitors from all over the world. The city is proud of the pedestrian avenue which is the first central street in Lithuania given for pedestrians.
Culture life in the city is full of original events which invite the citizens and the guests of the town to join in. The International Church Music Festival is held every spring during Easter week. The members of International Grand-piano Duet festival gather in spring every two years. Šiauliai birthday festival ‘Šiauliai Days’ which is held annually in September 20-22 is loved by the citizens. Šiauliai University also participates in culture life and organizes the international festival ‘Student Spring’ which is held every two years (see on the Internet www.su.lt). The students of Šiauliai Conservatory often give concerts to community. The Pupil House organizes the pupils of the city for culture activities. 5 town culture organizations are subjected to the city's Municipality, there are 2 private art galleries as well.